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Cable sobre el "hilo directo" entre Berlusconi y Putin

El año pasado el embajador en Moscú informa de que las relaciones entre Rusia e Italia están dirigidas por sus primeros ministros

ID: 247415
Date: 2010-02-05 10:39:00
Origin: 10MOSCOW266
Source: Embassy Moscow
Classification: CONFIDENTIAL//NOFORN
Dunno: 09MOSCOW1273 10STATE8676
Destination: VZCZCXRO7351
PP RUEHDBU RUEHFL RUEHKW RUEHLA RUEHNP RUEHROV RUEHSL RUEHSR
DE RUEHMO #0266/01 0361039
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 051039Z FEB 10
FM AMEMBASSY MOSCOW
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 6162
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHXD/MOSCOW POLITICAL COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC PRIORITY
RHEBAAA/DEPT OF ENERGY WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHDC PRIORITY
C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 MOSCOW 000266

SIPDIS
NOFORN

DEPT FOR EUR/RUS, EEB/ESC/IEC GALLOGLY AND GREENSTEIN,
S/EEE MORNINGSTAR, EUR/WE, INR
DOE FOR HEGBURG, EKIMOFF
DOC FOR JBROUGHER
NSC FOR MMCFAUL

E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/05/2035
TAGS: EPET, ENRG, ECON, PREL, PINR, RS, IT
SUBJECT: (C/NF) XXXXXXXXXXXX DIPLOMAT ON ENERGY INTERESTS,
PUTIN-BERLUSCONI LINK (C-RE9-02730)

REF: A. STATE 8676
B. 09 MOSCOW 1273

Classified By: Econ MC Matthias Mitman for Reasons 1.4 (b/d)

----------------------------
PUTIN-BERLUSCONI DIRECT LINK
----------------------------

1. (C/NF) XXXXXXXXXXXX
(protect) told us during a February 4 lunch that his Embassy
and his Foreign Ministry often only learn of conversations
between PM Berlusconi and PM Putin after the fact, and with
little detail or background. He expressed frustration about
the PMs' "direct line," which sometimes leaves the Embassy in
the dark. He said if there is action to be taken, the
cabinet secretary will instruct the Foreign Ministry or the
Embassy without providing any background, and only note that
Berlusconi and Putin had agreed on whatever the action item
is. XXXXXXXXXXXX explained that while the close relationship is
not ideal from the bureaucracy's perspective and more
detrimental than beneficial, it can be useful at times. He
cited the case of the sale to Gazprom by Italian energy giant
ENI of its 20% share in Gazprom's oil subsidiary Gazpromneft.
He said Gazprom had insisted on paying far below the market
price, but that it ultimately paid the market price after
Berlusconi weighed in with Putin.

------------
ENI AND ENEL
------------

2. (C/NF) In response to our comment that ENI's Moscow
Representative, Ernesto Ferlenghi, won't meet with us, XXXXXXXXXXXX
said Ferlenghi "for some reason" doesn't like to meet with
foreign diplomats. (Note: We had a very open and friendly
meeting with Ferlenghi about two years ago, but ever since,
he has deflected our requests for a meeting. See also ref B.
End note.) XXXXXXXXXXXX said he believes Ferlenghi may have a
directive from ENI headquarters to refer foreign governments
to ENI's Rome-based international governmental affairs
director. While XXXXXXXXXXXX was noting that he talks to Ferlenghi
daily, his cell phone rang -- it was Ferlenghi. XXXXXXXXXXXX
explained that although major projects such as the proposed
South Stream gas pipeline gain the most attention, ENI's main
business in Russia is "buying gas."

3. (C/NF) XXXXXXXXXXXX said the Italian Embassy is organizing a
visit by a trade and investment delegation to Novy Urengoi,
the Yamal region city that is a project site of Severenergia,
an upstream joint-venture between Gazprom, ENI, and Italy's
Enel. Gazprom bought a controlling stake in Severenergia
from ENI and Enel, which had set up Severenergia to purchase
some of the assets of the former Yukos oil company at its
bankruptcy auction. XXXXXXXXXXXX said that in addition to its
investment in Severenergia, Enel also has approximately $6
billion invested in the Russian electricity sector and may
raise its investment in that sector to $9 billion.

------------------------------
SOUTH STREAM AND SAMSUN-CEYHAN
------------------------------

4. (C/NF) XXXXXXXXXXXX also noted that ENI CEO Paolo Scaroni and
"we" (presumably the Italian government) have regular contact
with Russian DPM and "Energy Czar" Igor Sechin. XXXXXXXXXXXX said
that lately the discussions relate to an explicit business
link between South Stream and the proposed Samsun-Ceyhan
Turkish oil pipeline, of which ENI is the operating partner.
He explained that ENI, and its Turkish partner (which he said
is Turkish PM Erdogan's son-in-law) need Russian oil to make
Samsun-Ceyhan a reality, while Gazprom needs Turkish
cooperation to move ahead on South Stream.

-------
COMMENT
-------

5. (C/NF) On major issues, it seems that Russian-Italian

MOSCOW 00000266 002 OF 002

economic relations are directed by PMs who have a direct line
to each other as well as control over some of the largest
assets of their respective economies. To whatever end they
direct those assets, it is likely they are not doing so based
solely on commercial or rate-of-return calculations. As our
contact himself acknowledged -- "it seems that everything
that happens at the lower levels is just for show."
Beyrle