Selecciona Edición
Conéctate
Selecciona Edición
Tamaño letra

Cable de EE UU en el que Castresana confiesa que la aplicación de la ley no existe en Guatemala

El fiscal español asegura que lo único que puede hacer en su misión en el país centroamericano es practicar la autopsia en unas instituciones ya difuntas

ID: 154272
Date: 2008-05-16 13:19:00
Origin: 08GUATEMALA621
Source: Embassy Guatemala
Classification: CONFIDENTIAL
Dunno: 08GUATEMALA355 08GUATEMALA387 08GUATEMALA441
Destination: VZCZCXYZ0007
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHGT #0621 1371319
ZNY CCCCC ZZH (CCY AD93101F WSC8661-695)
P 161319Z MAY 08 ZDS
FM AMEMBASSY GUATEMALA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 5356
INFO RUEHBO/AMEMBASSY BOGOTA 1191
RUEHME/AMEMBASSY MEXICO 4847
RUEHSN/AMEMBASSY SAN SALVADOR 4188
RUEHSG/AMEMBASSY SANTIAGO 0408
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 0220
RHMFISS/DEPT OF JUSTICE WASHINGTON DC
RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY WASHDC
RHMCSUU/FBI WASHINGTON DC
RUEABND/DEA HQS WASHDC
RHMFISS/CDR USSOUTHCOM MIAMI FL//SCJ2-JIC-IRD/OPSD//
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFDIA/DIA WASHINGTON DC
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC

C O N F I D E N T I A L GUATEMALA 000621

SIPDIS

C O R R E C T E D C O P Y - ADDED
WHA CENTRAL AMERICAN COLLECTIVE TO SLUG LINE

DEPT PLEASE PASS TO WHA CENTRAL MERICAN COLLECTIVE

E.O. 12958: DECL: 0/15/2018
TAGS: PTER, KCRM, ASECVZ, PREL, PHUM, KJUS, PGOV, GT
SUBJECT: CICIG COMMISSIONER PROVIDES UPDATE

REF: A. GUATEMALA 355
B. GUATEMALA 441
C. GUATEMALA 387

Classified By: Ambassador James M. Derham for reasons 1.4 (b & d)

1. (C) At luncheon hosted by Swiss Ambassador on May 14,
CICIG Commissioner, Carlos Castresana provided overview to
international community ambassadors involved with CICIG on
activities to date. Of note were the following comments by
Castresana:

Relations between CICIG and the GOG - Castresana
characterized them as good. He has met with President Colom
on a monthly basis and is in constant communication with the
Ministers of the Interior (Gobernacion) and the Public
Prosecutor (Fiscal General). The only frictions were an
unannounced change in Castresana's security detail and
problems for CICIG access to the airport, both appear to be
miscommunications or misunderstandings, not deliberate
harassment. Castresana does anticipate, however, that the
good relationship will be put to the test when CICIG's
investigations progress and follow-up GOG action or
cooperation is needed. Castresana commented also that since
the new government took over in January, the Minister of
Gobernacion has strengthened what had been a very weak
position while the Fiscal General seems to be losing ground
politically.

International Assistance - Castresana lauded Chile, Mexico
and Uruguay for seconding professionals to work with CICIG.
He hoped that the U.S. and Colombia could also provide
personnel. CICIG was still very much in need of criminal
investigators. Also important would be establishment of a
winess protection program outside of Guatemala for Guatemalan
witnesses.

Investigations - Castresana said CICIG is investigating three
cases and three themes/areas. The three cases are the
murders of Victor Rivera (reftel B) and Pepe Mendez (son of
human rights activist Amilcar Mendez), and the Zacapa drug
shootout (reftel C). The three themes are femicides,
extorsions and trafficking in children. CICIG has received
dozens of requests for investigations and may take on more
investigations if resources permit. Other possible
investigative areas might be violence against labor leaders,
journalists or human rights defenders.

Law Enforcement in Guatemala - Castresana said that law
enforcement in Guatemala is essentially non existent and
CICIG is in a sense doing an autopsy of collapsed
institutions. In the short term CICIG hopes to train up a
cadre of Guatemalan investigators who will make a
contribution to Guatemalan institutions once CICIG has
completed its work. Longer term, a sustained, politcally
challenging total overhaul of Guatemalan law enforcement
institutions is needed. As experiences in Chile and Colombia
have shown, this will require many years, and much political
will.

Crime in Guatemala - Castresana noted that the murder rate in
Guatemala is decreasing. He attributed it to a drop in
extra-judicial killings after Adela Torrebiarte took over the
Ministry of Gobernacion in March 2007. Castresana estimated
QMinistry of Gobernacion in March 2007. Castresana estimated
that at that time almost 6,000 people were being murdered in
Guatemala every year; 25 percent of that total were
extra-judicial executions. Comment: While the murder rate
is declining, it is not clear to us that this is due to a
decline in extra-judicial killings nor that previously 25
percent of all murders were extra-judicial.
Derham