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DOCUMENTO Íntegro

Cable en el que la embajada de EE UU en Rabat analiza el tráfico de drogas en Marruecos

ID: 232297
Date: 2009-10-30 14:37:00
Origin: 09RABAT889
Source: Embassy Rabat
Classification: SECRET
Dunno: 09RABAT886 09STATE105731
Destination: VZCZCXYZ0022
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHRB #0889/01 3031437
ZNY SSSSS ZZH
P 301437Z OCT 09
FM AMEMBASSY RABAT
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 0800
INFO RUEHCL/AMCONSUL CASABLANCA PRIORITY 4758
RUCNMGH/MAGHREB COLLECTIVE
RUEHUJA/AMEMBASSY ABUJA 0091
RUEHBO/AMEMBASSY BOGOTA 0001
RUEHBR/AMEMBASSY BRASILIA 0120
RUEHCV/AMEMBASSY CARACAS 0032
RUEHDK/AMEMBASSY DAKAR 0512
RUEHOS/AMCONSUL LAGOS 0051

S E C R E T RABAT 000889

SIPDIS

DEPT FOR INR, INL/AAE, NEA/RA AND AF/W
MADRID FOR DEA
PARIS FOR DEA

E.O. 12958: DECL: 10/29/2019
TAGS: SNAR, PINS, MO, WI
SUBJECT: DRUG TRAFFICKING IN NORTH AFRICA: MOROCCO

REF: A. STATE 105731 (NOTAL)
B. IIR 6 865 0093 09 (NOTAL)
C. IIR 6 865 0007 10 (NOTAL)
D. RABAT 0886

Classified By: DCM Robert P. Jackson for reasons 1.4 (b) and (d).

1. (C) SUMMARY: Morocco continues to be a major producer of
cannabis and cannabis resin, although government eradication
efforts have reduced the acreage under cultivation.
According to the Moroccan government, South American drug
smugglers continue to transport quantities of cocaine through
the country and onward to Europe. Government officials opine
that the same routes used to move drugs and people could be
used for terrorist purposes, but have been unable to provide
evidence that this is occurring. END SUMMARY.

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BY LAND...
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2. (SBU) Traffickers today use weak and unstable states in
West Africa as a staging area for transshipment through
Morocco and on to Western Europe. Moroccan law enforcement
officials argue that weak countries in the neighborhood lead
to inadequately controlled borders to the south and east,
creating a vast no-man's land in which illicit trafficking
can flourish. They describe land routes that connect Gao
(Mali), Bechar (Algeria), and Oujda (Morocco) with the
ultimate destination of the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta or
Melilla. Another route moves from Niger across the vast
expanse of southern Algerian desert to Bechar. A third route
crosses Mali, Mauritania and the Western Sahara to Las Palmas
in the Canary Islands before proceeding to Western Europe.


3. (SBU) The officials identify Nigeria as the African point
of origin for the illicit movement of people and narcotics
along these routes. According to Moroccan statistics, 18.2
kilograms of cocaine have been seized thus far in 2009, down
from 33.8 kilograms for all of 2008 and 248.8 kilos in 2007,
most of it intercepted at airports and carried by persons
traveling from Nigeria. According to the GOM, South American
cartels move the drugs to West Africa, before being
transported through Morocco en route to Spain and other
European countries. They note that in 2009 they discovered
60 caches of cannabis resin awaiting transport by speedboats
to Spain, and expect that cocaine could be brought to and
from Spain the same way. GOM officials have confirmed that
heroin is imported into the province of Tangier from Europe,
through the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla.

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...AND BY SEA
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4. (C) According to the GOM, the Moroccan government has
established over 250 outposts along its northern and southern
coasts designed to prevent and intercept the maritime
trafficking of drugs. The Moroccan Royal Navy has good
working relationships with European police and military but
lacks the high-speed interceptor type patrol craft to
effectively counter maritime drug smuggling, Admiral
Berrada-Gouzi, Inspector General (Chief of Staff) of the
Navy, told his U.S. counterpart on October 7 (Ref B).

5. (C) In the Agadir area on the southern Moroccan coast,
commercial and artisanal fishing boats are engaged in
smuggling activities bringing illicit cargo into the country.
Nearly 1,500 vessels are registered and operate in an area
stretching along 320 kilometers of Moroccan coastline and
south through the waters off the coast of Western Sahara to
Mauritania. Several of the more than 250 commercial boats
are involved in smuggling. Some captains are paid to pick up
packages dropped at sea; others are coerced to do so by
threats against their families (Ref C).

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BACK HOME
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6. (SBU) Morocco's cannabis eradication efforts, reported in
Ref D, have led to the disruption of local economies as
small-scale farmers have replaced cannabis with other crops,
including olives, figs and carob. Although the GOM argues
that these substitution efforts have been successful,
officials in two northern Moroccan cities, Chefchaouen and
Tetouan, described an influx of rural populations as farmers
struggle to support their families using replacement crops.
Cannabis production, processing and trade fostered localized
economies built on the illicit wealth, much like the cartels
in South America, according to one interlocutor, but without
the marked tendency toward violence. Government officials
assert that organized and transnational crime in Morocco is a
recent phenomenon (within the last 20 years) and is a result
of Morocco's relative economic success, which has made it
attractive to international networks.

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NO CONCLUSIVE LINK TO TERRORISM
-------------------------------

7. (S/NF) The Moroccan Government believes that the same
land and sea routes described above -- and the revenue
generated by the illicit trade in drugs, contraband or
persons -- could also be used to support terrorist purposes.
However, they have not provided evidence to support this
hypothesis.

8. (U) Morocco has frequently expressed its willingness to
expand cooperation with the U.S. on drug-related issues. In
2009, the Mission funded training programs focused on border
interdiction, cargo control and fraudulent document detection.


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Visit Embassy Rabat's Classified Website;
http://www.intelink.sgov.gov/wiki/Portal:Moro cco
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