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DOCUMENTO Íntegro

Cable de la reunión del embajador, EE UU y el presidente, Ricardo Martinelli, donde admite que el sistema judicial no es fiable

Se detallan los avances del pais en la lucha contra el delito y el presidente reconoce que el principal interes por un Tratado de Libre Comercio es atrar la inversión extranjera. A continuación, admite que el sistema judicial no es fiable y por tanto, un problema, a la hora de resolver disputas contractuales.

ID: 240219
Date: 2009-12-16 19:13:00
Origin: 09PANAMA914
Source: Embassy Panama
Classification: UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY
Dunno:
Destination: VZCZCXYZ1326
RR RUEHWEB

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ZNR UUUUU ZZH
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INFO RHEHAAA/NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL WASHINGTON DC
RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHINGTON DC
RUEHBO/AMEMBASSY BOGOTA
RUEHGT/AMEMBASSY GUATEMALA
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RUEHSJ/AMEMBASSY SAN JOSE
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UNCLAS PANAMA 000914

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS
USTR PASS TO DAVID OLIVER
COMMERCE PASS TO MATT GAISFORD

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV, ECON, PM, ETRD, PREL, USTR
SUBJECT: CODEL Boehner Warmly Recieved in Panama to Discuss Security
and FTA

1. (SBU) Summary. From December 11 to 14, CODEL Boehner was
received like an old friend by the Government of Panama as the
first U.S. Congressional delegation to visit since the July 1
inauguration of the Martinelli Administration. The message from
the President and his ministers to the CODEL was straightforward -
the government and people of Panama are the best friends and allies
of the United States in the region, Panama faces significant
security/organized crime challenges which the government is
fighting with USG assistance, and it hopes that the US-Panama Free
Trade Agreement can win Congressional approval so it can assist
Panama obtain foreign direct investment. End Summary.



2. (SBU) CODEL Boehner was in Panama December 11-14, and was
composed of House Minority Leader John Boehner (R-OH), Rep. Dan
Boren (D-OK), Ranking Rules Committee Member David Dreier (R-CA),
Ranking Foreign Affairs Committee Member Ileana Ros-Lehtinen
(R-FL), Rep. Kevin Brady (R-TX), Rep. Devin Nunes (R-CA), Rep.
Peter Roskam (R-IL), and staff. The delegation met with President
Martinelli, Vice President and Foreign Minister Varela, and other
key Cabinet officials for a series of in-depth briefings and
question and answer on Saturday afternoon. President Martinelli
demonstrated his hospitality and the depth of the close bilateral
relations by hosting drinks on Friday night at the Presidential
Palace and dinner on Sunday with a large portion of the Cabinet.
The delegation also met with representatives of the American
Chamber of Commerce and visited the Panama Canal.



Security is a Challenge but GOP is Facing It with USG Assistance

--------------------------------------------- ----------------------
---------------

3. (SBU) President Martinelli reiterated that Panama is a good
friend of the United States and a reliable partner in the fight
against drug trafficking. Minister of Government and Justice
Mulino stated that the GOP, with significant USG assistance, is on
track to seize around 60 tons of cocaine, or almost 6 percent of
estimated global production. [Comment: Post believes the final
figure for this calendar year will be closer to 50.] However, he
recognized that more must be done to counter the flow of narcotics,
and outlined the GOP plan to establish eleven coast guard bases.
He said that the GOP's goal is to push drug traffickers out of
Panamanian territorial waters and into international waters where
"more developed actors" (i.e. the United States) can interdict.
Mulino explained that the drug trafficking taking place in Panama's
territorial waters and on land have caused the spike in the murder
rate and gang activity over the past 18 months. While not as
violent as its northern neighbors, he said that Panama has seen its
murder rate double since 2006 to 730 murders so far in 2009 (press
estimates 799 murders to date), of which he estimated 85 to 90
percent were drug and/or gang-related executions; he noted there
were approximately 220 gangs with 3,500 members in Panama.
Security issues top polls as the number one concern of the
Panamanian people. Mulino said that he is very pleased with the
collaboration with Southcom, the Joint Inter-Agency Task
Force-South (JIATF-South), and the Embassy, especially the daily
interaction with DEA. Minister of the Presidency Papadimitriu said
that the GOP recognizes that unless it addresses this security
threat, it will not achieve its economic goals.



Economy is Strong

------------------------

4. (SBU) President Martinelli and Minister for Economy and Finance
Vallarino trumpeted the economic policies which have allowed Panama
to continue recording positive economic growth and plan to become
the Singapore of Latin America. For 2009, the GOP estimates 3

percent GDP growth and is projecting 5 percent growth for 2010,
both above Latin America average growth rate. As a result of this
growth, government deficit as a percentage of GDP has dropped to 43
percent in 2009, which has been a key reason Standard and Poors has
granted them a BB+ positive rating (one step below investment
grade, which Vallarino hopes will be granted by the end of 2010).
The GOP plans to introduce tax reform and increase collection
efforts to reduce the national deficit in order to achieve a
debt/GDP ratio below 30 percent within ten years. That said, the
President said that they will have next month five to six billion
dollars in the Treasury which they need to push into the economy.
Vallarino said that the GOP would focus their domestic
infrastructure investment and attention on achieving growth in
financial services, luxury tourism, high value agriculture, and
value-added logistical services.



FTA Remains Important, but Redlines Exist

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5. (SBU) President Martinelli informed the CODEL that the main
reason Panama remains interested in the FTA is to attract foreign
direct investment. Speaking frankly, he admitted that Panama's
judiciary system is not reliable (a view backed by World Bank and
World Economic Forum analysis) so the investor-State dispute
settlement mechanism is a key factor for increasing investor
confidence. President Martinelli reiterated his willingness to
sign a tax information exchange agreement. However, he said that
Panamanian unions object to decreasing the number of employees
required to establish a union from 40 to 20. Minister of Commerce
(Trade) Henriquez elaborated by saying that lead trade negotiator
Alvarez De Soto will be in Washington to deliver four letters from
leading Panamanian unions objecting to the change. Additionally,
he said that there were deadly protests the last two times the
government opened the labor code, so while he is willing to make
other labor changes, he cannot change the 40-20 rule. While
Henriquez said that the FTA is the most important bilateral issue,
he said that Panama is not standing still while the United States
considers the FTA. He said that they will open negotiations with
Colombia and Mexico soon and are continuing to press for inclusion
in the Central America-EU FTA negotiations. He also asked why the
United States would not do an FTA with its best and most reliable
ally in Latin America who stands up against the radical left in the
region, particularly if the agreement won't cost American jobs.
Minority Leader Boehner expressed his doubts that the FTA would
move soon, and Rep. Boren, the lone Democrat on the delegation,
said that President Obama would need to advocate for the FTA if the
necessary 60 Democrats are to vote for it. Rep. Brady advised the
Panamanians to be prepared to move quickly on the FTA, but not to
get their hopes up in the short term.



Canal is a Modern Technical (and Profit) Marvel

--------------------------------------------- ---------------

6. (SBU) The delegation visited the Panama Canal where they
observed ongoing operations and were briefed on the expansion.
Canal Authority officials told the delegation that the construction
of the third set of locks is on schedule to be completed by 2014.
They estimate that Canal revenues will increase from $2 billion in
2014 to almost $5 billion in 2024 once the expansion is completed.



7. (SBU) CODEL Boehner did not clear this message before departing
post.
STEPHENSON