Cable sobre abusos de derechos humanos en Pakistán

En 2009, la embajada en islamabad informa de abusos de derechos humanos por parte de las fuerzas de seguridad paquistaníes duranta operaciones internas contra terroristas

ID:224469
Date:2009-09-10 14:40:00
Origin:09ISLAMABAD2185
Source:Embassy Islamabad
Classification:SECRET//NOFORN
Dunno:09ISLAMABAD2074
Destination:INFO LOG-00 MFA-00 EEB-00 AID-00 AMAD-00 A-00 ACQ-00
INL-00 DOEE-00 DOTE-00 DS-00 DHSE-00 EUR-00 OIGO-00
FAAE-00 FBIE-00 VCI-00 OBO-00 H-00 TEDE-00 INR-00
IO-00 LAB-01 L-00 MOFM-00 MOF-00 VCIE-00 NEA-00
DCP-00 NSAE-00 ISN-00 OIC-00 NIMA-00 PA-00 PM-00
GIWI-00 PRS-00 P-00 SCT-00 ISNE-00 DOHS-00 FMPC-00
SP-00 SSO-00 SS-00 STR-00 NCTC-00 ASDS-00 CBP-00
SCRS-00 PMB-00 DSCC-00 PRM-00 DRL-00 G-00 NFAT-00
SAS-00 FA-00 SRAP-00 SWCI-00 SANA-00 /001W


O 101440Z SEP 09
FM AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD
TO SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 4799
INFO CIA WASHINGTON DC IMMEDIATE
JOINT STAFF WASHINGTON DC IMMEDIATE
SECDEF WASHINGTON DC IMMEDIATE
CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL IMMEDIATE
AMEMBASSY KABUL
AMEMBASSY NEW DELHI
AMEMBASSY LONDON
AMCONSUL KARACHI
AMCONSUL LAHORE
AMCONSUL PESHAWAR
USMISSION GENEVA
USCENTCOM INTEL CEN MACDILL AFB FL
NSC WASHINGTON DC

S E C R E T ISLAMABAD 002185


NOFORN

E.O. 12958: DECL: 09/07/2034
TAGS: PGOV, PHUM, PTER, MOPS, MASS, KJUS, PK
SUBJECT: ADDRESSING CONCERNS ABOUT PAKISTAN SECURITY
FORCES' HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES

REF: ISLAMABAD 2074

Classified By: Derived from DSCG 05-01, b and d

1. (S/NF) A growing body of evidence is lending credence to
allegations of human rights abuses by Pakistan security
forces during domestic operations against terrorists in
Malakand Division and the Federally Administered Tribal
Areas. While it is oftentimes difficult to attribute with
accuracy any responsibility for such abuses, reporting from a
variety of sources suggests that Frontier Corps and regular
Pakistan Army units involved in direct combat with terrorists
may have been involved. The crux of the problem appears to
center on the treatment of terrorists detained in battlefield
operations and have focused on the extra-judicial killing of
some detainees. The detainees involved were in the custody
of Frontier Corps or Pakistan Army units. The allegations of
extra-judicial killings generally do not/not extend to what
are locally referred to as "the disappeared" -- high-value
terrorist suspects and domestic insurgents who are being held
incommunicado by Pakistani intelligence agencies including
the Inter-Services Intelligence Division (ISI) and Military
Intelligence (MI) in their facilities.

2. (S/NF) Revenge for terrorist attacks on Pakistan Army and
Frontier Corps personnel is believed to be one of the primary
motivating factors for the extra-judicial killings. Cultural
traditions place a strong importance on such revenge
killings, which are seen as key to maintaining a unit's
honor. Senior military commanders have equally and
repeatedly stressed their concerns that the court's are
incapable of dealing with many of those detained on the
battlefield and their fears that if detainees are handed over
to the courts and formally charged, they will be released,
placing Pakistan Army and Frontier Corps troops at risk.
This fear is well-founded as both Anti-Terrorism Courts and
the appellate judiciary have a poor track record of dealing
with suspects detained in combat operations such as the Red
Mosque operation in Islamabad and have repeatedly ordered
their unconditional release. Post assesses that the lack of
viable prosecution and punishment options available to the
Pakistan Army and Frontier Corps is a contributing factor in
allowing extra-judicial killings and other human rights
abuses of detained terrorist combatants to proceed. There
may be as many as 5000 such terrorist detainees currently in
the custody of the Pakistan Army and Frontier Corps from
operations in Malakand, Bajaur, and Mohmand. As operations
in these areas and other parts of the FATA proceed, this
number will increase.

3. (S/NF) NWFP Police have also been implicated in the abuse
and extra-judicial killing of terrorist suspects that they
believe responsible for attacks on police stations and
individuals in the run-up to the conflict. This is a
separate problem set from those detained in combat by
Frontier Corps and Pakistan Army units. The NWFP Inspector
General of Police has publicly announced the establishment of
a Human Rights Unit within his office to prevent,
investigate, and punish human rights violations committed by
his forces. As a component of the police training program
that we are now standing up for the NWFP, post intends to
offer assistance to the Inspector General of Police and his
new unit on education and prevention of human rights abuses
and investigations and prosecutions where abuses are
suspected.

4. (S/NF) In an effort to stem extra-judicial killings and
other human rights abuses of these detained in combat by
Pakistan security forces, post is proposing a multi-pronged
approach as follows:

Short Term:

-- Diplomatic Engagement: Continue to privately raise this
issue repeatedly and at the highest levels of the Pakistan
government and military. Ensure that expressions of concern
over the alleged extra-judicial killings coupled with calls
for transparent investigations and, as appropriate,
prosecution are included in the talking points of all senior
USG civilian and military visitors in meetings with Pakistani
civilian and military counterparts. Timeline: Ongoing.
Funding: None required.

-- Offer Assistance: Coordinate with the British High
Commission on an offer of assistance to the Defense Minister
and the Chief of Army Staff (COAS). To the Defense Minister
propose assistance in drafting a new Presidential Order that
would create a parallel administrative track for charging and
sentencing terrorists detained by the military in combat
operations. Amendments to the Anti-Terrorism Act are already
well underway. To the COAS, propose bringing over a team of
American and British experts to evaluate the detainee issue
and to determine jointly what assistance is required from
coalition partners. If COAS agreement is forthcoming, bring
over a team of American military lawyers to meet with
Pakistan military officials with a view to obtaining
concurrence on training in battlefield evidence collection,
investigation and prosecution of human rights abuses by
military personnel, and assistance on drafting the new
Presidential Order proposed to the Defense Minister:
Timeline: Meeting with COAS and Defense Minister by end of
September 09. Team deployed by October 09. Funding:
Reallocation of existing Foreign Assistance funding.

-- Evaluate Detainee Situation: Local Pakistan military
commanders and FATA/NWFP officials have approached various
offices with request for assistance on dealing with detained
combatants under the guise of reintegration. Post proposes
bringing over a senior representative from INL's prison
reform office to lay the groundwork for a visiting team that
would conduct a formal assessment of conditions and
infrastructure/personnel/systems needs of the local prison
system for potentially housing these detainees. This report
would form the baseline for development of an assistance
strategy to help the GOP address the issue. Timeline: INL
initial visit in September 2009. Followed by assessment
mission in October 2009 with report to be completed by
November 2009. Funding: INCLE funds will need to be
reallocated.

Medium Term

-- Draft Ordinance: Get UK agreement to lead a team of
British, and possibly American, experts to work with the
Pakistan Defense Ministry and Army to draft a new
Presidential Ordinance for the administrative prosecution and
punishment of terrorists detained in combat operations (this
process is already underway in Pakistan). Representatives of
the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) and the
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) will need to
agree to participate in the drafting process. Post will
approach the HRCP at an appropriate time but will require
Washington/Geneva assistance in obtaining ICRC agreement.
Adoption of the Presidential Ordinance would offer a credible
way for the Pakistan military/government to prosecute and
punish terrorists detained in combat operations. Timeline:
Deploy team by December 09 with a view to completing
ordinance by April 2010. Funding: Reallocation of existing
Foreign Assistance funds.

-- Pakistani JAG and Intelligence Officer Training: Offer
Detainee Operations training for Pakistan's JAG and
intelligence officers. This five-day course would cover
evidence collection on the battlefield, proper detainee
handling, interrogations, international humanitarian law,
laws governing internal armed conflicts, and war crime
prosecutions. Timeline: Training courses to begin by
January 2010. Funding: IMET funds have been allocated for
this training.

Long Term

-- Assist in Implementation of Ordinance: Provide training
to Pakistan military and Frontier Corps personnel on
collection of battlefield evidence and its use in
prosecution. Coordinate with British on providing
appropriate training for personnel of administrative
structure to be established through Presidential
ordinance. Timeline: Training courses to begin by May 2010.
Funding: Reallocation of existing IMET and other Foreign
Assistance funding.

-- Prison Reform: Design and fund a prison reform program to
construct/rehabilitate existing federal/provincial prisons to
accommodate terrorists detained in combat operations both
pre-trial and post-conviction. Convince other donors to
assist GOP in developing post-release programs to reintegrate
into their communities detainees deemed not fit for trial or
those who have served their sentences. Timeline: Launch
prison reform program by October 2010. Approach donors on
reintegration by September 2010 through SRAP. Funding: New
INCLE funds will be needed.

4. (S/NF) Comment: Post fully recognizes that there is
little that the USG can do to change the culture of revenge
that underlies many of the extra-judicial killings taking
place in the Malakand Division and FATA. However, it is
our view that if senior commanders are offered a viable
alternate to deal with detained combatants and a credible
detention facility under control of the Prisons Department is
established, the prevalence of human rights abuses will
diminish. Post recognizes that much of this is dependent on
goodwill within the Pakistan military and civilian
establishment that can easily erode if too much public
criticism from USG officials over these incidents is
forthcoming. For this reason, post advises that we avoid
comment on these incidents to the extent possible and that
efforts remain focused on dialogue and the assistance
strategy outlined above. End Comment.


PATTERSON
Traduce este documento »

Traducción automática. Puede que el texto traducido no sea fiel al original

Buscador de cables

Ver todos los documentos »
Más información
Únete ahora a EL PAÍS para seguir toda la actualidad y leer sin límites
Suscríbete aquí

Archivado En

Recomendaciones EL PAÍS
Recomendaciones EL PAÍS
Recomendaciones EL PAÍS
Logo elpais

Ya no dispones de más artículos gratis este mes

Suscríbete para seguir leyendo

Descubre las promociones disponibles

Suscríbete

Ya tengo una suscripción