“As a result of the crisis, social indicators deteriorated sharply,” reads the IMF’s annual report on the Spanish economy.
In June 2015, the IMF joined the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in underscoring the problem of income inequality. Since then, the Washington-based organization has argued that the gap between the rich and poor is slowing growth.
In its latest assessment of the Spanish economy, released on Monday, the IMF analyzes the stark consequences of the crisis on income distribution.
Unskilled workers, youths and immigrants are particularly vulnerable, says the report
“Job losses [during the crisis] affected disproportionally low-educated/low wage workers, youth, and immigrants, particularly working in the construction sector under temporary contracts,” the report states.
Although a fast pace of job creation has helped reduce these risks, the benefits of the recovery are being unevenly shared among different generations and different education levels, warns the report.
The IMF recommends implementing policies to improve “the employability of young and low-skilled workers” as a “policy priority to reduce risks of social exclusion among vulnerable groups.” The increase in inequality, the study suggests, is not so much due to higher income among the top earners as to the poor situation at the bottom of the economic ladder.
“The number of people at risk of poverty or social exclusion increased by more than 23 percent between 2007 and 2015 in Spain. Low-skilled workers, youth, and immigrants have been particularly vulnerable,” the IMF states.
The IMF notes that this situation is partly due to a correction in wage inflation in sectors with low productivity levels, such as construction. Another contributing factor is the labor market duality between permanent and temporary workers.
English version by Susana Urra.