OPINION

Little brown men

In the 1980s the US spent some $5 billion in El Salvador; then with the communist menace defeated, it went away

On the morning of November 16, 1983, I was walking with five other journalists along a trail in the hills of Chalatenango, El Salvador. Passing a number of fresh graves, we saw a stone house, roofless. Covering my nose against the stench, I stuck my head in the door, and out flew 30 vultures (I counted them as they sat in a tree, waiting for us to move on). The floor was carpeted with a mass, red, white, and black, of human remains. About 20 skulls.

Aquilino, a 10-year-old survivor, told me what had happened. "The soldiers put the children with their mothers in the house and started shooting. I played dead under my mother's body until they went away." These soldiers belonged to the Atlacatl Batallion, a corps of the Salvadoran army created, trained and directed by US officers for the purpose of curbing communist "expansionism" in Central America.

This was my own baptism of fire in El Salvador; after which I spent some years covering the civil war there, one of many between armies of the right and guerrillas of the left in those years. A few weeks ago I was back there, for the first time in decades. The country was celebrating the 20th anniversary of the peace accords that ended the war, in which 75,000 people died. If I needed to recharge my batteries of rancor against the United States, a brief look at El Salvador today did the job.

El Salvador is still at war. Not a political war, but a criminal one, in which the climate of fear is much the same. Here the drug gangs rule, corrupting all the public institutions and taking a death toll not far short of open war. If, in the 1980s, some feared the country would become a Cuba, now the fear is that it will be a new Somalia, plunged into anarchy, much like Guatemala and Honduras. But the United States, which bears its share of responsibility for this country's traumatized culture of violence, couldn't care less about what is happening in its "backyard."

No, I am not about to write a diatribe about imperialism and colonialism. But when something happens that Washington perceives as an emergency, it goes in like an elephant in a china shop. When the emergency is over and its apparent needs have been covered (including electoral ones back home), it disappears from the scene, leaving the natives to clean up the mess. As in Iraq today; as in Afghanistan tomorrow.

In the 1980s the US spent some $5 billion in El Salvador, most of it on military ends. The army burgeoned from 15,000 to 60,000 men and officers, with 55 US military advisors, embittered veterans of Vietnam, telling them what to do. Once the communist menace was dead and buried, they went away. Today the country has a small police force, entirely inadequate to deal with the crime problem. A man fairly high up in the CIA told me that if the US spent in El Salvador in a year what it was recently spending per day in Iraq ($400 million), the country's problems could be cleared up; "but we know that's not going to happen."

Another friend there told me of a conversation with a retired general. Why did they kill all those children (the above massacre being no exception, but typical of many)? "We did exactly what the gringos told us to do," said the general.

In the old days, when I was there, the chief of the US military advisors, a colonel, used to give off-the-record press conferences to the journalists, pregnant with rhetoric about bringing democracy to El Salvador. But there were illuminating flashes of reality, as when he was asked about the Salvadoran army's habit of pushing captured guerrillas out of helicopters. "Well," said the Vietnam vet, a bit perplexed at the question, "this whole war is just a matter of little brown men shooting little brown men."

Para poder comentar debes estar registrado en Eskup y haber iniciado sesión

Darse de alta ¿Por qué darse de alta?

Otras noticias

El Gordo

13437

2º Premio

92845

3º Premio

07637

4º Premio

  • 07617
  • 67009

5º Premio

  • 46984
  • 32306
  • 98538
  • 74012
  • 91363
  • 60090
  • 67924
  • 52028

Comprueba tu número

Buscador y PDF con la lista oficial.

Patrocinio

OpenbankAdvertisement

Últimas noticias

Ver todo el día

Miles de alemanes se manifiestan contra la islamización de Occidente

EFE

Pegida repite éxito en su convocatoria semanal, con el país cada vez más dividido

Cientos de mujeres y niñas yazidíes, violadas por los yihadistas

Amnistía Internacional denuncia las violaciones y la esclavitud sexual de cientos de mujeres y niñas yazidíes a manos del Estado Islámico

El Consejo de Seguridad debate llevar a Pyongyang ante La Haya

El órgano de seguridad de Naciones Unidas aborda por primera vez las violaciones de derechos humanos por el régimen de Pyongyang

Los sindicatos de policía dan una tregua al alcalde de Nueva York

Bill de Blasio pidió que se aparcaran las protestas hasta los funerales de los agentes asesinados

LATIN AMERICA

Ballet diplomacy

Roger Salas Madrid

Dancers and choreographers have been persecuted and ostracized under Cuba’s Castro regime

Cubans in Havana greet US deal with joy and skepticism

Locals celebrate liberation of their most symbolic prisoners and await improvements

Identity of mysterious US spy released by Havana revealed

American news outlets point to Rolando Sarraff Trujillo, a native Cuban with relatives in Spain

US and Cuba to start talks to normalize relations

Announcement from White House comes after news that US contractor Alan Gross has been freed by Havana

Lo más visto en...

» Top 50

Webs de PRISA

cerrar ventana