The ongoing efforts by Spain’s caretaker prime minister, Pedro Sánchez, to form a government following his inconclusive victory at the November 10 election could be further complicated by the political fallout from a sweeping corruption case affecting his Socialist Party (PSOE).
On Tuesday, a court handed down a decision in the so-called ERE case, involving public money from a €680-million unemployment fund that was diverted without financial oversight to ineligible recipients, many of whom had ties to the Andalusian branch of the PSOE. Two former premiers of Andalusia, which the PSOE governed for 36 years, were found guilty and one of them was sentenced to six years in prison. A total of 19 people have been convicted of corruption-related crimes.
Is corruption intolerable only if it is other people’s corruption?
Inés Arrimadas, Ciudadanos
Now, the conservative Popular Party (PP) and the center-right Ciudadanos (Citizens) are demanding “political accountability” from Sánchez. They have also reminded the Socialist leader that he first came to power in mid-2018 on the back of a no-confidence vote against then-PM Mariano Rajoy of the PP, right after a court ruling on another major corruption scandal known as Gürtel.
“Sánchez came to power by unjustly censoring an honest government. Now he must be consistent and accept responsibility for the biggest corruption case in Spanish history, one that has convicted two ex-leaders of the PSOE and of the federation that made him secretary-general,” tweeted PP leader Pablo Casado.
The current Andalusian premier, Juan Manuel Moreno Bonilla, who has been heading a PP-Ciudadanos coalition in Spain’s most populous region since January, held up his own executive as a “break with the days of corruption, misuse of public funds, wastefulness, cronyism and shamelessness.”
Inés Arrimadas, the likeliest candidate to replace Albert Rivera at the helm of Ciudadanos following the party’s debacle on November 10, has called the ruling “devastating” for the PSOE, and wants someone to take responsibility. “Or is corruption intolerable only if it is other people’s corruption?” she asked.
Criticism has also come from the left of the political spectrum. “The two-party system brought with it corruption and arrogance,” said Pablo Iglesias, leader of the anti-austerity Unidas Podemos, which has reached a preliminary deal with Sánchez for a coalition government in Spain, although the plan still requires backing from other parliamentary groups.
“Spain has changed and it will no longer tolerate corruption. An opportunity is opening up now to defend social justice and to guarantee the cleanup of the institutions,” tweeted Iglesias.
Santiago Abascal, leader of the far-right party Vox, which first entered Spain’s parliamentary institutions at the Andalusian election of December 2018, took aim at the PSOE, Podemos and the Catalan separatist parties whose support may be instrumental in helping Sánchez form a government.
“With help from separatist coupmongers, a government is taking shape that is formed by totalitarian communism and by a socialism that created the biggest corruption web in Europe,” said Abascal, whose party has become the third-largest force in Spanish Congress following the November 10 election.
The PSOE’s priority on Tuesday was to protect Sánchez from the verbal attacks and the calls for his resignation.
The party is arguing in its own defense that the ERE ruling “affects neither the current government nor the current party leadership,” in the words of the party’s organization secretary José Luis Ábalos, who also serves as public works minister in the current caretaker administration.
Spain has changed and it will no longer tolerate corruption
Pablo Iglesias, Unidas Podemos
The PSOE is also underscoring that there is no evidence of illegal party financing, or of personal gain by any of the guilty parties, in contrast to the Gürtel case affecting the PP.
“There were no Swiss accounts here,” said Ábalos at a news conference on Tuesday. “This case has been constantly and abusively used by the PP to draw attention away from that party’s own structural and systemic corruption.”
In a bid to create a firewall between the PSOE and the ERE case, Ábalos argued that the party itself was never a target of the investigation, “and so this is not a case [involving] the PSOE, but former public officials of the Andalusian government.”
Hours later, Ábalos admitted that the ruling had been “very tough” and that neither the government nor the PSOE leadership “can remain indifferent.”
In their decision, the three judges at the Seville Provincial Court wrote that all the convicted parties, including former premiers Chaves and Griñán, “were fully aware of the manifestly illegal nature of the acts that they were participating in.”
English version by Susana Urra.