The new-look Plaza de España will connect with Gran Vía via an esplanade, while receiving around 1,000 new trees, among them olives and magnolias. At its center will be a large open area, while the monument to Miguel Cervantes, with Don Quixote and Sancho Panza at his feet, will be turned around to face the vast monolith of the Edificio España building, at the bottom of Gran Vía, and will be lined with a wall of water. The streets leading on to the square will also be given new trees.
The fact that just 8% of those eligible to vote did so has also attracted criticism
At the same time, says City Hall, the plan is to reduce the number of traffic lanes on Gran Vía, creating a more uniform thoroughfare where it converges with the entrance to Plaza de España.
Space for cyclists and pedestrians will be increased by extending a nearby road tunnel that passes under the Royal Palace, creating in the process a large green area that will connect Plaza de España with the Sabatini Gardens and the Egyptian Temple of Debod, which currently sit on the other side of a busy road to the southwest.
“The city is going to be greener, more accessible, and sustainable,” said a City Hall spokesman, adding that work will begin toward the end of the year. “Traffic will be reduced and the pedestrian zone will be enlarged,”
The popular vote to choose the winning design to remodel Plaza de España was part of a wider process initiated by Madrid Mayor Manuela Carmena, of left-leaning bloc Ahora Madrid, to involve the electorate in its plans to reduce traffic flows in the center of the city, which include the partial pedestrianization of Gran Vía by widening its pavements, giving priority to public transport and also improving squares off it. Some 66.7% of Madrid residents voted in favor of more space for pedestrians and up to 92% to give priority to public transport.
The exercise in direct democracy cost €1.1 million and attracted 212,000 Madrid residents aged over 16. But the fact that just 8% of those eligible to vote did so has also attracted criticism.
The spokesperson for the conservative Popular Party (PP) in City Hall, Esperanza Aguirre, was critical of the initiative from Ahora Madrid. “The only possible democracy is representative democracy,” she said in response to the vote, describing it as an exercise in “demagoguery.” “This farce has come at great cost,” she added, accusing Mayor Manuela Carmena of having political responsibility for the process. “Why didn’t they ask Madrileños if they wanted [the streets] cleaned more?”
This exercise in demagoguery was a farce, and has come at great cost
Popular Party spokeswoman Esperanza Aguiree
But Pablo Soto, the city councilor who oversaw the organization of the poll, defended the initiative, saying the low turnout reflected a long-standing lack of confidence by voters in City Hall. “That will increase when people trust their institutions,” he says, adding: “It’s normal that half of people didn’t vote.”
The language used to describe City Hall’s plans to alter the area around Gran Vía has also come under scrutiny: “improve,” which critics say suggests that anybody not in agreement with the proposals opposes improving the area: there was no alternative to City Hall’s plans. Furthermore, among the four questions, the “Yes” option ratified City Hall’s project, while no figures were provided on how much the remodeling of the area would cost.
But Rita Maestre, spokeswoman for Ahora Madrid, which took over City Hall in 2015, described the referendum as “highly successful,” noting: “We have to find more ways and more possibilities for participation.”
English version by Nick Lyne.