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The eyes of Mauthausen

The eyes of Mauthausen

  • A group of Spanish prisoners pulls along a cart of earth at Mauthausen. This is one of the hundreds of photographs taken and rescued by Spaniard Francisco Boix during the final years of World War II. His story is told by historian Benito Bermejo in the book ‘El fotografo del horror’ (or, The photographer of the horror).
    1A group of Spanish prisoners pulls along a cart of earth at Mauthausen. This is one of the hundreds of photographs taken and rescued by Spaniard Francisco Boix during the final years of World War II. His story is told by historian Benito Bermejo in the book ‘El fotografo del horror’ (or, The photographer of the horror).
  • Inmates lined up for identification. Around 200,000 prisoners passed through Mauthausen and its satellite camps, around half of whom died. They included 4,761 of the 7,200 Spanish republicans interned there.
    2Inmates lined up for identification. Around 200,000 prisoners passed through Mauthausen and its satellite camps, around half of whom died. They included 4,761 of the 7,200 Spanish republicans interned there.
  • Liberation day, May 5, 1945. A group of prisoners pulls down the Nazi eagle over the main entrance. Boix would take dozens of photographs capturing life in the camp in the following days and weeks.
    3Liberation day, May 5, 1945. A group of prisoners pulls down the Nazi eagle over the main entrance. Boix would take dozens of photographs capturing life in the camp in the following days and weeks.
  • The same scene, a few moments later.
    4The same scene, a few moments later.
  • Another of Boix’s photographs taken in the immediate aftermath of liberation, showing hundreds of corpses left after Nazi authorities fled the camp.
    5Another of Boix’s photographs taken in the immediate aftermath of liberation, showing hundreds of corpses left after Nazi authorities fled the camp.
  • A prisoner lies dead on Mauthausen’s electrified fence. Thousands of images like this were smuggled out of the camp in the final days of the war and used as evidence at the Nuremberg trials.
    6A prisoner lies dead on Mauthausen’s electrified fence. Thousands of images like this were smuggled out of the camp in the final days of the war and used as evidence at the Nuremberg trials.
  • Prisoners wait to be disinfected in June 1941.
    7Prisoners wait to be disinfected in June 1941.
  • Mauthausen’s so-called stairway of death: 186 granite steps leading down to the camp quarry. Boix estimated that at least one prisoner died for each stone used in the construction.
    8Mauthausen’s so-called stairway of death: 186 granite steps leading down to the camp quarry. Boix estimated that at least one prisoner died for each stone used in the construction.
  • Francisco Boix, carrying a Leica camera and wearing an armband identifying him as a journalist, in the days following the liberation of the camp. He would die six years later, aged 30, having never fully recovered from his experiences.
    9Francisco Boix, carrying a Leica camera and wearing an armband identifying him as a journalist, in the days following the liberation of the camp. He would die six years later, aged 30, having never fully recovered from his experiences.